"One cannot make architecture without studying the condition of life in the city"

Aldo Rossi

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Urban Austerity / Urban Commons

Urban Austerity / Urban Commons

(c) http://rttccolloque.blogspot.fr

The recent economic crisis has also its impact on the potential of future urban planning. Budget of municipalities are becoming more limited and that scarcity is also leading more problems in fixing problems in the urban daily live.  That momentum needs new ideas and view points on the urban environment. One of the possible new ways might be in better understanding the concept of urban commons.

http://www.uncubemagazine.com/magazine-20-12467995.html#!/page1

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SOHO IN OTTAKRING

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SOHO in Ottakringis an urban art project that started 1999 as part of an artist´s initiative in the “Brunnen Viertel” of Ottakring, Vienna´s 16th district. The “Brunnen Viertel” located close to the Viennese “Gürtel” that divides the inner from outer districts and is a densely developed, traditional working class urban area surrounding the Brunnen market, an eight hundred meter long every day…

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Today the world is facing severe problems such as global warming, depletion of fossil fuels or other natural resources. Additional to that economic recession, population changes, housing and employment crises  and current and potential social divides and their geo-political conflicts.

All those issues are require a more active involvement of citizens to establish an alternative model of production and consumption based on a closed local cycle and being sustainable too. For showcasing that idea, new bottom-up initiatives are necessary to create new tools and knowledge and for presenting new ways how a city/urban area can benefit towards a resilient transformation. 

A best practice example is coming from the city of Colombes (83.000 inhabitants), which is located in the metropolitan region of Paris. The project R-URBAN is demonstrating that an active network of citizens and associations is able to create an alternative model of production and consumption through an accelerated introduction of sustainable collective environmental practices. Those practices are reflecting the needs of a modern city toward different (social, cultural, economic, environmental) dimensions. 
  rurban cycle
This project was started by Atelier d’Architecture Autogérée (AAA) which was initiated over a decade ago by architects Doina Petrescu and Constantin Petcou, who since 2008 have been deeply invested in their R-URBAN experiment.
 For the project there are three pillows which are necessary for a successful transformation:- a Recycling and Eco-construction Unit which consists of a number of facilities that will generate a series of changes in the daily habits of local residents and the urban administration in terms of recycling- an Ecological Cooperative Housing Unit which consists of a number of experimental dwellings, partly self-built

- a Civic Agriculture Unit, which consist of a micro-farm aimed at collective and familial use

AAA’s idea is that not citizens are now forced to take everything into their hands that thing are going. Instead it is more an attempt to discuss again the relationship between the private citizen and the public authority. In the advent of the global financial crises and the widespread of neoliberal attitudes in the public space. Only to do everything “DIY” is not the solution. Therefore R-URBAN is working in a different way. It tries to show how political system can be adopted by private citiziens.

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If there is a way to relocate agency within a community, it is not the way to simply support public space with private means, but more to renegotiate a symbiosis between financially stricken public systems and enterprising communities. 

Commons:

The ‘commons’ are traditionally defined as common pool resources – usually, forests, the atmosphere, rivers, pastures – of which the management and use was shared by members of a community. They were spaces that no one could own but everyone could use. The term has now been enlarged to include all resources (whether material or virtual) that are collectively shared by a population or a significant group. Today, the traditional commons have almost disappeared in Europe and little-by-little are also starting to disappear on all continents.
(rurbancommons.wikispot.org)

R-URBAN:

R-Urban is a strategy for enhancing the capacity of local resilience by introducing alternatives to the current models of living, producing and consuming in cities, suburbs and rural areas. It encourages dynamics and practices based on commons.

The ‘R‘ of R-Urban is the sign of a new condition. It relates directly to the three ecological objectives —Reduce, Reuse, Recycle—and suggests other iterations: Repair, Re-design, Re-think, Re-assemble.  R-Urban reconnects the Urban with the Rural.  R-Urban is a strategy of Resilience.

Resilience is a key term in the more nuanced discussion on sustainability, which takes place today in the context of economic crisis and resource scarcity. Resilience speaks about how systems can adapt and thrive in dramatically changing circumstances.  A city will never be able to become resilient without the participation of its inhabitants.

It is a bottom-up approach to ecological regeneration, in which ecology extends beyond the environmental aspects to include social, cultural, and economic concerns. The strategy is conceptualised as a series of ecological, economic, cultural and social agencies, which are based on coordinated actions at different local scales (domestic, neighbourhood, city, region) and complementarities between key fields of urban activity (i.e., economy, habitat, mobility, urban agriculture, culture).
(rurbancommons.wikispot.org)

Weblinks:

http://r-urban.net/

http://www.urbantactics.org/

http://www.rhyzom.net/

http://rurbancommons.wikispot.org/

 

R-Urban Today the world is facing severe problems such as global warming, depletion of fossil fuels or other natural resources.

Architecture Appreciation Society Groups

Architecture Appreciation Society Groups

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On the internet there are different appreciations groups for different aims and reasons. In the recent past also the field of architecture is becoming part of that phenomena e.g. on Facebook. There are two groups which are offering a platform for sharing and discussion about the Postmodern and Brutalist Architecture history.

 Blago Tebi

© Blago Tebi

For example there is the the group “Brutalism Appreciation…

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100in1Day

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You see potential in your neighborhood, but afraid to start something alone? Let’s get inspired by this idea and make it alive in your city!

The event “1oo in 1 day” is a global initiative with a certain wish: To shake the urban masses out of complacency, and compel residents to do 100 little things, dubbed “interventions,” to improve their city in one day.


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Do-It-Yourself Urban DesignWhat is DIY Urban Design and what impacts have those actions in an urban setting. This question was…View Post

Do-It-Yourself Urban Design

What is DIY Urban Design and what impacts have those actions in an urban setting. This question was…

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A Tower In KreuzbergIn this pilot episode Robert Slinger talks about the Kreuzberg Tower, where he lived on the eighth…View Post

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In this pilot episode Robert Slinger talks about the Kreuzberg Tower, where he lived on the eighth…

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We Traders - Swapping Crisis for City© Goethe Institut
The economical crisis is showing everywhere similar symptoms: housing bubble,…View Post

We Traders - Swapping Crisis for City

© Goethe Institut

The economical crisis is showing everywhere similar symptoms: housing bubble,…

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second hand spaces: Using Vacancy as a Resource for Sustainable Urban Transformation

Michael Ziehl and Sarah Oßwald

Within urban transformation plenty of industrial areas and ordinary buildings fall lastingly vacant. What is widely considered as a problem for urban development can become a valuable resource for the city if vacant sites…

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The UrbanistThe great magazine Monocle has also a superb podcast on its M24 radio program. The Urbanist is…View Post

The Urbanist

The great magazine Monocle has also a superb podcast on its M24 radio program. The Urbanist is…

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